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What is Albinism?

Albinism describes a group of conditions where individuals lack pigment in their eyes, skin, and hair. This eye condition arises from hereditary gene changes that result in insufficient production of the pigment “melanin.” Different types of albinism emerge based on the level of melanin in the eyes. However, they all share the common trait of diminished vision. Abnormal development of the retina and nerve connections between the eyes and brain cause vision issues.

Albinism impacts individuals from various ethnic backgrounds, with an estimated occurrence worldwide of 1 in 17,000.

Coming to terms with the impact on vision can pose a challenge. Finding solace in the knowledge that others share the same experience can offer support. Many individuals, whether recently diagnosed or having lived with albinism for years, navigate similar circumstances.

If one experiences visual impairment as a result, then there are devices available to help with tasks that people have difficulty with. These aids can provide support with tasks that require vision and can help you continue to lead a full and independent life.

Picture view without and with Albinism
Left: normal vision. Right: view with Albinism

What are the symptoms of Albinism?

Eye problems aften include:

What can one expect from Albinism?

The treatment mainly focuses on visual rehabilitation. Surgery may be able to relieve some of the symptoms, such as Strabismus and Nystagmus. Vision recovery is not completely possible, but there are several aids available that can help with a variety of daily tasks.

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More information about Albinism

There is extensive information available about Albinism. Surgery may be able to relieve some of the symptoms, such as Strabismus and Nystagmus. Despite this, vision cannot be fully restored. Fortunately, however, there are several tools available that can assist in performing a variety of everyday tasks.