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What is Cataract?

Cataracts occur when the lens of the eye, situated just behind the pupil, clouds over. The lens primarily comprises water and proteins, arranged to maintain clarity and allow light to pass through. With age, some of these proteins may clump together, forming a cataract. Over time, the cataract may enlarge, further obscuring the lens and impeding clear vision. Cataracts typically progress gradually, leading to a slow decline in vision. If left unaddressed, they can ultimately result in blindness.

Although several types exist, all cataracts share the characteristic of diminishing the transparency of the eye lens. The degree of cloudiness correlates with the advancement of the condition. Cataracts rank as the most prevalent cause of vision impairment in individuals aged 40 and above, representing the primary cause of blindness worldwide.

Receiving news of impaired vision can be profoundly disorienting. However, after the initial emotional impact subsides, finding solace in the shared experience can offer comfort. Many individuals, whether recently diagnosed or having coped with cataracts for years, navigate similar circumstances.

If you experience poor vision as a result, there are aids available that can help with the tasks you have difficulty with. These aids can provide support with tasks that require vision and can help you continue to lead a full and independent life.

Image of vision without and with cataracts
Left: normal vision. Right: view with cataract

What are the symptoms of Cataracts?

Symptoms include:

What can one expect from Cataract?

This eye condition may manifest in one or both eyes. If symptoms arise, individuals can utilize new glasses, magnification, appropriate lighting, or other aids for an extended period. If the cataract progresses, individuals may contemplate cataract surgery, where the eye lens is removed and substituted with an artificial lens. Cataract surgery effectively restores vision. Engage in a discussion with the eye specialist to assess the situation and explore the available options.

More information on Cataract

Extensive information is available. This information is intended to inform you about the most important aspects of this eye condition and is not intended to replace the information one receives from the doctor or eye specialist.

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'Working in and around the house and building model cars became increasingly difficult. I have problems reading text from newspapers and books. That is an extra setback for someone who has always worked at graphic companies and publishers.'

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