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What is Nystagmus?

Nystagmus is an uncontrolled and involuntary movement of the eyes. The movement is often from left to right (horizontal) but it can also be from top to bottom (vertical) or circular (rotational). The movement can vary between slow and fast and almost always involves both eyes. People with Nystagmus do not always realize that they have this condition, because they do not necessarily experience images as shaky. The exact cause is not known, but must be sought in the eye control system within the brain. This can result in reduced vision. It affects about one in two thousand people.

There are two main types:

Coming to terms with the realization of impaired vision can prove challenging. However, finding solace in the shared experiences of others can offer support. Many individuals, whether recently diagnosed or having lived with vision impairment for years, navigate similar circumstances.

If one experiences visual impairment as a result, there are devices available to help with tasks that one has difficulty with. These aids can provide support with tasks that require vision and can help you continue to lead a full and independent life.

Picture view without and with Nystagmus
Left: normal vision. Right: view with Nystagmus

What are the symptoms?

The most common symptom is involuntary movement of the eyes. Other symptoms may include:

What can one expect?

Nystagmus typically persists as a permanent condition, though its severity can be alleviated through various treatments. Enhancing vision with lenses or glasses constitutes a crucial aspect of treatment. Additionally, surgery or medication are potential avenues for treatment. Surgery may rectify abnormal head positions or mitigate the severity of the condition, while medication can also be employed to lessen its impact. However, medication usage is often restricted due to the numerous side effects associated with these drugs. It’s advisable to consult with your doctor or specialist to explore the most suitable options.

Learn more about Nystagmus

A wealth of information is accessible to provide insight into this eye condition. This information aims to illuminate the crucial aspects of Nystagmus and is not meant to supplant the guidance offered by a doctor or eye specialist.

More Information

Nystagmus | What is Nystagmus? | Causes & Symptoms | Fight for Sight

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